Although cashmere is not as insulating as other types of wool, it is much softer and finer, allowing cashmere to be woven into very dense but thin fabrics. This type of wool does not isolate it as well as traditional sheep wool, but it is soft enough to wear right next to the skin, which is beneficial for applications such as underwear and T-shirts. There is growing concern about the working conditions of cashmere goat herders, which need to increase the size of the herds in order to maintain their income as prices fall. In addition, we know that the fashion supply chain is not transparent and that the cashmere industry is no exception. With low material costs, farmers are also at risk of underpayment, a common fashion problem. It takes four goats to make a sweater, and nowadays families don’t just buy an expensive cashmere sweater and stream it like they used to.
The annual yield per animal varies from a few grams to about 0.5 kilograms. A sweater needs the fleece of 4 to 6 goats; a jacket uses the production of 30 to 40. Part of the fiber, called mined cashmere, is removed from the skin of slaughtered animals. In some areas, the mixed mass of thick, downward hair is removed by hand with a thick comb that removes the fiber strands from the animal as the comb crawls through the membrane.
By choosing to work with an ethical and natural cashmere producer, you can help promote the growth of remote economies and the progress of a new fair trade tissue paradigm. While animal fibers such as wool have become fashionable to some extent due to concerns about animal rights, there is no adequate synthetic alternative to cashmere. For decades, textile manufacturers expected people to gradually use only synthetic substances, but the opposite happened instead. The global economy is gradually moving towards fair trade and sustainable textile production processes. Today, cashmere wool is mainly produced in China, but there is still a thriving cashmere economy within the countries of Central Asia. Cashmere production continues to rise with the world’s population and poverty reduction, and China is likely to remain the largest cashmere exporter in the near future.
It does not itch in wool quality, but it still provides insulating heat without having to wrap layers and layers; hence cashmere is such a coveted fabric. Cashmere is light: because the hair of cashmere is very thin, they produce an extremely light thread which in turn can be woven into light garments. For comparison, sheep wool or artificial fibers usually produce bulky garments that cannot be easily used in cashmere. Cashmere is insulating: cashmere wool has exceptional temperature control properties.
Both the soft inner layer and the protective hairs can be used; the softer hair is reserved for textiles, while thick hair is used for brushes and other non-clothing purposes. Cashmere wool fiber for clothing and other textile articles is obtained from the cashmere neck area and other goats. Historically, fine-haired cashmere goats have been called Capra hircus laniger, as if they were a subspecies is cashmere warmer than wool of the domesticated goat Capra hircus. However, they are now more often considered part of the domestic subspecies of goats Capra aegagrus hircus. Cashmere goats produce a double fleece consisting of a thin, soft inner layer or a hair layer mixed with an outer layer of right, much thicker hair called protective hair. To further sell and process the fine reduction, the hair must be removed.
Cashmere madness started in France when the major general of the French campaign in Egypt sent a scarf to his wife in Paris. In the early 1800s, Empress Josephine is said to have hundreds of cashmere scarves, but a century later cashmere appeared mainly on bridges and jackets. However, brands now display cashmere in a wide range of styles, from dresses to accessories and from jackets to pants. Fine cashmere wool is especially popular in the luxury clothing market and is used to create delicate scarves and caps, as well as incredibly soft sweaters and jackets. Fortunately, local and international companies have introduced numerous initiatives that promote ethical breeding and the production of fine cashmere wool. The cashmere goat has formed a protective layer during the severe winter, which is combed in early spring.
Goats lose this warm wool anyway in the spring, because they don’t need it in the summer. Nowadays machine scissors can also be used to extract cashmere wool. An individual goat can produce between 1 and 3 pounds of fleece, although it often takes several goats to produce enough fabric for a single garment. China is the world’s largest producer of raw cashmere, followed by Mongolia, Kyrgyzstan and other Middle Eastern countries.
Later, Hamadani proposed to the king to start a shale weaving industry in Kashmir with this wool. The down was imported from Tibet via Kazan, the capital of the Russian province of Volga, and was used in France to create imitation woven scarves. Unlike the Kashmir scarves, French scarves had a different pattern on each side. The imported cashmere spread into large sieves and was beaten with sticks to open the fibers and clean the dirt. After opening, the cashmere was washed and the children removed their thick hair.